25. Definitions

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25 Definitions
25.2. Medical Procedures. A medical procedure is a recognized, or unrecognized treatment, ingestion of a product, or otherwise penetration of any substance not naturally produced by an individual’s body for the intention of meeting a medical objective.
25.3. Medical Professional “Emergency Authority”. Any qualified medical professional may use “emergency authority” to preserve a life if even if a treatment or product does not have full authorization or is less than “safe”, as defined by this Act.
25.4. Medical Treatment. Means examination, management, treatment, and care of a patient for a condition which first manifested itself, worsened or became acute or had symptoms which would have prompted reasonable person to seek diagnosis, care or treatment.
25.5. Practice. Refers to interventions that are designed solely to enhance the well-being of an individual patient or client and that have a reasonable expectation of success. The purpose of medical or behavioral practice is to provide diagnosis, preventive treatment or therapy to particular individuals.
25.6. Protected Health Information (PHI). Protected health information is the term given to health data created, received, stored, or transmitted by HIPAA-covered entities and their business associates in relation to the provision of healthcare, healthcare operations and payment for healthcare services.
25.6.1. There are 18 identifiers that can be used to identify, contact, or locate a person. If health information is used with any of these identifiers it is considered identifiable. If PHI has all of these identifiers removed, it is no longer considered to be protected health information. Names (Full or last name and initial). All geographical identifiers smaller than a state, except for the initial three digits of a zip code if, according to the current publicly available data from the U.S. Bureau of the Census: the geographic unit formed by combining all zip codes with the same three initial digits contains more than 20,000 people; and the initial three digits of a zip code for all such geographic units containing 20,000 or fewer people is changed to 000. Dates (other than year) directly related to an individual. Phone Numbers. Fax numbers. Email addresses. Social Security numbers. Medical record numbers. Health insurance beneficiary numbers. Account numbers. Certificate/license numbers. Vehicle identifiers (including serial numbers and license plate numbers). Device identifiers and serial numbers; Web Uniform Resource Locators (URLs). Internet Protocol (IP) address numbers. Biometric identifiers, including finger, retinal and voice prints. Full face photographic images and any comparable images. Any other unique identifying number, characteristic, or code except the unique code assigned by the investigator to code the data.
25.7. Research. An activity designed to test an hypothesis, permit conclusions to be drawn, and thereby to develop or contribute to generalizable knowledge (expressed, for example, in theories, principles, and statements of relationships). Research is usually described in a formal protocol that sets forth an objective and a set of procedures designed to reach that objective. When a clinician departs in a significant way from standard or accepted practice, the innovation does not, in and of itself, constitute research. The fact that a procedure is “experimental,” in the sense of new, untested or different, does not automatically place it in the category of research.
25.8. Screening. Screening is the act of inquiring of an individual person if they meet specific medical requirements. The person optionally provides the best faith response, to the best of their knowledge.


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